Elizabeth And Victoria: Two Queens, Two Worlds


The Queen herself gave Dimond permission to comprehensive the research for this book in the Royal Archives, rare for a royal biography. When a lot of biographies are based on private letters and diaries, most of Alexandra’s had been destroyed in the tradition of Queen Victoria’s, producing Dimond’s access to the Royal Archives even additional essential. Whereas Victoria had renounced all pleasures, Princess Alexandra had just begun to live. She had grown up poor and now she was wealthy and the future Queen of England! While her husband, “Bertie,” was a serial adulterer, Alexandra accepted his infidelity and got on with her life, moving with him from party to celebration with the artsy crowd. Dressing herself in fine jewels and frivolous clothing became her passion – and she indulged herself absolutely.

Essential, it is important to say very hastily, not in any political sense, but as a fantastic public character. In the United States, he gave his name to what we get in touch with in England a frock coat and to a popular brand of pipe tobacco, and he was the social leader not only in England, but in Paris and in the wonderful spas of Europe. He is an critical character behind thescenes in Proust and a not unimportant character in the rather ribald farces of the French playwright Feydeau. If the blasphemous suggestion may be created, he was a type of royal Jimmy Walker—but he had to carry out his social function for a considerably longer period than Mayor Walker and, of course, was even additional the cynosure of censorious eyes. Edward VII was not really delighted with the budget, which he thought far too radical, but he thought the Home of Lords shouldn’t reject it.

As portion of our ‘This month in history’ series, we appear at the death of Edward VII and the accession of King George V. He had a strong sense of ownership and was proud of his possessions. Even though his attitude to art was largely that of a rich owner of a great collection, he had a keen eye for the fit arrangement of his treasures, and knew substantially of their history. He dis-liked wasteful expenditure, but personally created careful provision for his own and his friends’ comfort. No pride of rank restricted his acquaintance, and he usually hospitality, practised hospitality on a generous scale. If he had a predilection for men of wealth, his catholic favour embraced each and every type of faculty and fortune.

One of the fascinating functions in the Crown’s recognition and influence is the absence of really serious criticism or controversy over the expense of its upkeep. The total monetary cost of the Monarchy has been placed at a million pounds sterling per annum, but this total consists of many massive sums which could just as appropriately be charged to the ordinary governing requirements of the country without having reference to the specific type of its institutions. Against this sum could also be placed the proceeds of the Crown Lands which have been surrendered to Parliament upon the accession of William and Mary and which had just before that been recognized as a private estate of the Sovereign more than which Parliament had no manage. In addition to these Crown Land revenues other sums have been voted as needed. Upon their surrender to the nation it has come to be the custom, because 1868, to vote a permanent Civil List for the ensuing reign and out of this sum the ordinary Court and private expenses are supposed to be met.

Louise was born as the daughter of Prince Wilhelm of Hesse-Cassel and Princess Charlotte of Denmark. Charlotte of Denmark watithe daughter of Frederik, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway, and Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. As exiles throughout World War II, Crown Princess Märtha and the royal young children lived in Washington, D.C., where she struck up a close friendship with Franklin D. Roosevelt. Through Globe War II his leadership was considerably appreciated and he was appointed Norwegian Chief of Defence in 1944. At his death in 1991, he was the final surviving grandchild of Edward VII of the United Kingdom and Alexandra of Denmark.

In Holstein, the Salic law prevented inheritance by way of the female line, whereas no such restrictions applied in Denmark. Holstein, becoming predominantly German, proclaimed independence and named in the aid of Prussia. In 1852, the important European powers called a conference in London to discuss the Danish succession. An uneasy peace was agreed, which incorporated the provision that Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg would be Frederick’s heir in all his dominions and the prior claims of other people (who included Christian’s personal mother-in-law, brother-in-law and wife) had been surrendered.

At Montreal in the evening, a excellent display of fireworks took location and on the following morning the Prince left the city lastly. Penshurst in 1910, served as British ambassador at St. Petersburg from 1904 to 1906 and was permanent below-secretary at the foreign office from 1906 till the king’s death. Though he was attached to the foreign workplace, he normally accompanied the king on his foreign tours, and the precise capacity in which he travelled with the sovereign occa- sionally raised a constitutional controversy, which the true web facts deprived of genuine substance. The presence of the foreign minister or at any rate of a cabinet minister was necessary to bring any helpful diplo- matic negotiation inside the range of the king’s intercourse with Ms foreign hosts.

A quick stay was made with the Prince and Princess Louis of Hesse at Darmstadt and yet another at Brussels. Sandringham was reached in time to celebrate the twentieth birthday of the Princess. On September 12th His Royal Highness left Toronto for a trip by way of the western portion of Upper Canada and was welcomed at each station by decorations and cheering crowds. A quick quit was created at Guelph and Stratford and an address was received at the German settlement of Peterburg, to which the Prince replied in the similar language. In the afternoon London was reached and an enthusiastic reception given which included a torchlight procession and evening illuminations.

Edward’s wish to marry a lady with two living ex-husbands threatened to bring about a constitutional crisis in Britain. Edward was produced Duke of Windsor by his successor King George VI. The couple lived a life of leisure, belonging to the Jet Set or Café Society of the “beautiful people” at the most well known areas in Europe and the United States. John was the youngest kid and fifth son of King George V and his wife, Mary of Teck. He suffered from epilepsy and died two months just after the finish of the Planet War I, at the age of thirteen.

At the end of October 1894 he hurried to Livadia to the deathbed of his wife’s brother-in-law, Tsar Alexander III. He arrived when all was more than, but he attended the funeral ceremonies and greeted the accession of his wife’s nephew, Tsar Nicholas II, who quickly married a niece of his personal. The old hyperlink in between the prince and the Russian throne was thereby strengthened, but its strength owed nothing at all to diplomatic influences or to considerations of policy. Day 1876 he held a chapter of the order of the Star of India, and unveiled a statue of Lord Mayo, the viceroy who had been assassinated in 1872. Right after receiving the honorary degree of D.C.L. from Calcutta University, he proceeded to North India, where he inspected scenes of the mutiny, and laid at Lucknow the first stone of a memorial to Sir Henry Lawrence and to those who fell in the defence of the city.

The young couple entered a social round which was to continue pretty much interrupted until their deaths. They had been based in Marlborough Residence in London, Sandringham and Balmoral and moved freely around the nation enjoying the hospitality of wealthy buddies. The Prince of Wales, recognized as ‘Bertie’ was extraordinarily gregarious and promiscuous with numerous liaisons and mistresses which Alexandra, or ‘Alix’ did not thoughts unless they have been of higher birth.